Preparing for a Volcanic Eruption
- Listen to regular updates from the volcanic monitoring center.
- Follow the advice of local authorities. They will give you information on the volcanic eruption, and if necessary, instructions to leave or evacuate the area.
- Prepare a survival kit with adequate supply of water, food, basic clothing, first-aid supplies and medicines, battery-operated radio and flashlight.
If told to evacuate
- Follow instructions/advice from local authorities.
- Though it may seem safe to stay at home and wait out an eruption, doing so could be very dangerous.
- Carry your survival kit.
- Follow advisories from local authorities to protect yourself from volcanic ash, ensure safe water and proper waste disposal.
If you are outdoors
- Seek shelter indoors, if possible.
- If caught in a rock fall, roll into a ball to protect your head.
- If near a stream or river, be aware of rising water and possible mudflows I low-lying areas. Move up slope as quickly as possible.
- Seek care for burns right away. Immediate care can be life-saving.
- If eyes, nose or throat are irritated from volcanic gases and fumes, move away from the area immediately. Symptoms should go away when you are no longer in contact with the gases and fumes. Consult a doctor if symptoms continue.
- Use googles or eye glasses to protect your eyes.
- Wear protective clothing – long sleeved shirts and long pants.
If you are indoors
- Stay indoors as much as possible.
- Close all doors and windows. Protect your home from ash infiltration by using temporary filters like damp curtains or cloth.
- Bring pets and livestock in closed shelters.